Do you speak more than one language? Maybe English and Spanish? Or French, German and Japanese? Then, you belong to the world’s bilingual and multilingual majority and your brain may actually look and work differently than those of monolingual people.
There are three general types of bilingual depending on how they acquired a new language: The compound bilinguals learn two or more languages in the childhood. The coordinate bilinguals learn a new language in school while continuing to speak the mother language at home. And the subordinate bilinguals learn a secondary language by filtering it through their primary language.
Having a multilingual brain is connected with big advantages. For example, a higher density of the grey matter which contains most of your brain’s neurons and synapses. And training your brain constantly by speaking more languages help delay the onset of disease, like Alzheimer’s and dementia by as much as five years.
So, being a bilingual person make your brain more healthy, complex and actively engaged. And the best: Everyone can develop their brain to a bilingual one. It’s never too late to do yourself a favor and learn a new language – even as an adult.
Watch the great video from TED for more information about the benefits of a bilingual brain.